Day 4 of Navarathri is dedicated to Goddess Kushmanda. She is Maa Durga’s manifestation who resonated with happiness. This day is celebrated to remember the Goddess who created the universe we live in. Devotees pray on this day to be blessed with prosperity and success. Let us have a look into the significance of this day.
If you’d like to read about the significance of day 3, you can do that too.
Significance of Day 4 of Navarathri
Day 4 of Navarathri is dedicated to Goddess Kushmanda. As per the Navarathri day 4 Devi katha (story or legend), nothing existed in the universe and only darkness prevailed. Then, a ray of light appeared and brightened everything. Initially shapeless, this light form took the form of Goddess Kushmanda. She has created the planets, galaxies, the sun and stars by just flashing a little bit of her smile. She sat at the center of the sun and is thus believed to be the ultimate energy source.
Name of Goddess Worshipped on Day 4 of Navarathri
Navarathri day 4 Goddess Kushmanda is also called ‘the smiling goddess’. Kushmanda means the person who created the universe. In her name, ‘Ku’ means a little, ‘Ushma’ means energy and ‘Anda’ means cosmic egg. The Goddess rides on a tiger and has eight hands and is hence also called Ashtabhuja Devi.
Speciality of the Goddess Worshipped on Day 4 of Navarathri
Goddess Kushmanda holds a lotus, arrow, bow and kamandalam on her four-right hands. In addition, she holds a chakra (discus), gadha (mace), rudraksha mala (rosary) and a jar of nectar on her four-left hands. Since Goddess Kushmanda provides energy and direction to the sun and has the power to sit inside it, her body glows with its radiance. Her abode is the heart chakra.
Colour on Day 4 of Navarathri
The Navarathri day 4 colour is grey. It stands for the strength of transforming. Devotees can be seen wearing clothes in grey color while performing day 4 rituals. The grey colour shows the strength of transformation synonymous with the Devi, who transformed the infinite dark space to the universe as we know it.
Sweets to be offered on Day 4 of Navarathri
Navarathri day 4 prasadam is aval kesari. It is a sweet dish made from aval (flattened rice). Milk payasam is also a common sweet that is offered to the Goddess during prayer rituals.
Snacks to be Offered on Day 4 of Navarathri
Snacks made along with Navarathri day 4 prasadam are green peas or peanut sundal. Some devotees also offer urad dal vada. Both are yummy tasting dishes to try.
Other Food Items to be Offered on Day 4 of Navarathri
Kuttu ke atte ka malpua – These are sweet-tasting pancakes made from buckwheat flour. It is the main offering made, especially in the northern parts of India. Kadhamba Saadham is also offered as Navarathri day 4 naivedyam. It is flavoured mixed vegetable rice and is a standard offering in South India.
Flowers to be Offered on Day 4 of Navarathri
Flowers offered during Navarathri day 4 Devi aarti include jaathi malli (Spanish/royal/winter jasmine), Rose, and Senthamarai (pink lotus). Houses and puja areas can be seen decorated with these beautiful flowers on Navarathri day 4.
Rangoli on Day 4 of Navarathri
Before Navarathri day 4 aarti, padi kolam is drawn at the entrance to welcome the Goddess into the homes. ‘Padi’ means ‘steps’ in Tamil and hence the rangoli has to be drawn as a step-by-step sequence. It is made using ‘Atchathai’ – a mixture of rice, turmeric, and ghee.
Raaga on on Day 4 of Navarathri
During Navarathri day 4 Devi aarti, devotional songs are sung in Bhairava raaga. It is a sampurna raaga meant to emote peacefulness. It is one of the raagas that brings out the devotion of the devotee.
The Belief on Day 4 of Navarathri
By praying to day 4 Navarathri Goddess Kushmanda it is believed that it will eradicate all the financial troubles of the devotee. It is said to help live a good and debt-free life. It is also believed that praying to the Goddess helps to improve the devotee’s health and strength. There is also a belief that all the power bestowed on Siddis are located in her rosary.
On day 4 Goddess Kushmanda is adorned with wild turmeric (kasthuri majal), scented oils, and rose water. In addition, garlands made with turmeric pellets and pearls are handmade and adorned on the neck of the Goddess.
Do let us know the traditions and rituals you perform differently from our list in the comments. We would love to know and add them too!
You can also read the significance of Day 5 of Navarathri here.